A. Van Stensel & Son, LLC has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Describe an appraisal
Describe an appraisal(Return to top) An appraiser provides an evaluation that produces an opinion of value. This opinion or estimate is discerned by using a formal method that generally utilizes the three main "common approaches to value". One of the three is the Cost Approach - which is how much capital would be required to replace the improvements, minus physical deterioration and other factors, then adding the land value. Another of the methods is the Sales Comparison Approach - which involves finding a comparable analysis to other similar properties within a close vicinity which have recently sold. Usually, the Sales Comparison Approach is the most definite indicator of market value of a house. The Income Approach is generally used for figuring out the market value of income-producing properties based on what an investor would pay based on the amount of capital a property produce.
Describe what an appraiser does(Return to top) An appraiser forumlates an unprejudiced and well supported determination of market value, in the support of real estate transactions. Appraisers exhibit their professional investigation in appraisal reports.
What would cause me to need a real estate appraisal?(Return to top) There are a lot of reasons to obtain an appraisal with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. A few other reasons for getting an appraisal report include:
How is an appraiser different than a home inspector? (Return to top)Appraisers do not do complete home inspections and are not home inspectors. A third-party home inspector will investigate the structure of the home, from the top to the bottom. The usual home inspector's report will include an evaluation of the condition of the house's heating system, central air conditioning system (temperature permitting), interior plumbing and electrical systems, the roof, attic, and visible insulation, walls, ceilings, floors, windows and doors, the foundation, basement, and visible structure.
Is an appraisal the same as a comparative market analysis(CMA)?(Return to top) To be blunt, it's like comparing Shakespeare to reality TV. What the CMA depends on are superficial trends. Appraisals use similar sales which are valid resources. The appraisal report will also contain neighborhood and construction prices. The CMA will provide a non-specific figure. Delivering a defensible and careful analysis, an appraisal will give a clear opinion of value.
Who's creating the report is hands down the biggest difference between a CMA and an appraisal. Real estate agents produce CMA's, and they don't always know the whole market or have specific competence when it comes to home valuation. The appraisal is produce by a licensed, certified professional who makes a living out of valuing properties. Likewise, the agent has a vested interest in the property's selling price whereas the appraiser is bound by a code of ethics to collect only a flat fee for work they perform, regardless of their outcome.
What can I expect to see in my appraisal report? (Return to top)Every report should reflect a supported estimate of value and should document the following:
Upon completion of the report, what guarantee is there that the final number is trustworthy?(Return to top) In the documentation of an appraisal, each appraiser must see to it that each of the items below are covered:
Who do appraisers work for?(Return to top) Commonly, appraisers are hired by mortgage lenders to render a value opinion on a house involved in a loan transaction. Appraisers also provide opinions for legal settlements, tax matters and investment decisions.
Where does an appraiser get the data used to estimate values in Kent County or other areas?(Return to top) One of the primary tasks an appraiser performs is to compile property data. Data can be classified as either Specific or General. Specific data is gathered from the home itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specific data are noted by the appraiser during an inspection.
General data is gathered from a variety of places. Local Multiple Listing Services (MLS) have information on recently sold homes that could be used as comparables. To verify actual sales prices, we research items in the assessor's office and other public documents. Flood zone data is available from FEMA data outlets, such as a la mode's InterFlood service.
And last but not least, the appraiser assimilates general data from his or her past experience in doing assignments for other properties in the same market.
How can a licensed appraiser help me?(Return to top) An appraisal is a worthwhile whenever the value of your home is pertinent to some financial decision. When selling your home, an appraisal will help you determine a price that maximizes profit and reduces time on the market. If you're buying, it makes sure you don't overpay. For those settling an estate or divorce, an appraisal from A. Van Stensel & Son, LLC is the best way to ensure assets are split up fairly. A home is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Don't make decisions in the dark with a professional appraisal.
My mortgage statement has an item on it for PMI? Can I get rid of that?(Return to top) PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance. This additional policy covers the lender in case a borrower defaults on the loan and the value of the house is lower than the loan balance. You can have your PMI dropped once you've achieved 20% equity in your home through appreciation and principal payments.
Should I do anything in advance of the appraisal appointment(Return to top) The first step in most appraisals is the property inspection. During this process, we will come to your home and measure it, determine the layout of the rooms inside, confirm all aspects of the home's general condition, and take several photos of your house for inclusion in the report. On the home's interior, pick up any clutter and make sure we can get to things like furnaces and water heaters. On the outside, trim any bushes so we can be free to get an accurate measurement of outside walls.
The following items, if available, will help your appraiser to provide a more accurate appraisal in a shorter period of time:
Define "Market Value"(Return to top) In real estate appraising, Market Value is commonly defined as:
Who has rights to the appraisal report?(Return to top) For mortgage transactions, the lender orders the appraisal, either directly or through a third party. While the buyer pays for the report as part of the closing costs, the lender retains the right to use the report or any information contained within. The buyer is entitled to a copy of the appraisal - it's usually included with all the other closing documents - but is not entitled to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
This rule doesn't apply when a home owner engages an appraiser directly. In these cases, the appraiser may define how the appraisal can be used; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not stated otherwise, the home owner can use the appraisal for any purpose.
Which home renovations add the most to the price?(Return to top) It really depends on the market. For example, if you live in a cold region, insulated windows can be a real plus. But they aren't as attractive in a warm-weather climate.
As a rule, the most value returned from renovating a home comes in the kitchen. According to one national survey, kitchen remodels returned an average of 88% of the investment. In other words, a $10,000 kitchen remodeling project would add approximately $8,800 to the value of the home. Bathrooms were second, yielding 85%. Adding bedrooms and baths can also help the value of your home as long as your home doesn't then become overbuilt for your neighborhood in terms of size.